What are the types of Iranian saffron?

What are the types of Iranian saffron?

Iranian saffron can be classified into different types, both physical and content. In physical classification, saffron is classified based on form and shape, but the kind of content is focused on the quality of saffron. Iranian saffron classification criteria are different in different countries. In Spain, saffron is cultivated according to the region’s criteria, and in the second category, it is graded according to the length or thickness of the stigma and cream. In India, saffron is classified based on the purity and quality of the stigma or the combination of the stigma and cream, and in the UK based on color, aroma, and taste. When buying Iranian saffron, if the seller is a little fair, he always asks us what kind of saffron we want, the type of gem, the head, the straw, the girl, the super rock, the root, and… Many individuals do not know about the types of Iranian saffron. In this article, we want to separate the different kinds of saffron and also the kinds of saffron exports, the best kind of saffron, the most expensive and cheapest, how to identify the kinds of saffron Ghaenat, and various types of photos of Iranian saffron and we can help you identify the types of Iranian saffron

At the same time, the ISO 3632 standard has introduced the most valid classification that has been accepted by all countries producing and consuming saffron, which is discussed below:

Each saffron string consists of two parts, which is very important in distinguishing different types of saffron;

The first part of the stigma (red part of saffron)

The second part of the cream (white portion of saffron)

Bunch Iranian saffron

Bunch Iranian saffron

Iranian saffron is a complete string that has the red and yellow parts of saffron together. The yellow portion is about 30, and the red part is about 70%. In this type of classification, saffron is intact, and the stigmas of the three branches of Iranian saffron are not separated from the white part of saffron (or saffron cream). The layout of this model is one-way and two-way. In a one-sided arrangement, the creams are stacked on top of each other, and the stigmas are piled up on top of each other, but in a two-sided format, the stigmas on both sides are in the middle.


Pushal Iranian Saffron

Pushal Saffron

In Pushal saffron, the saffron cream (white part) is separated from under the flower so that the stigmas will have 2-3 mm of cream. At the end of the stigmas of the three branches of saffron, there is some yellow or white, which gives it a straw-like shape; that is why saffron is called Pushal. Pushal Iranian saffron is divided into two types of puffed pushal and ordinary pushal. This saffron model is graded from 1 to 3 based on the size and sagging of the stigma and the amount of cream attached to it. Pushal saffron with thick and smooth stigmas, without wrinkles, and has less cream (root) is called pushal, and pushal saffron, which has a standard stalk and is eaten with more cream, is called ordinary pushal.


Sargol Iranian saffron

Sargol saffron

It is the most consumed and common type of Iranian saffron for people to use, and consumers are more familiar with this type of saffron. Sargol saffron has different grades such as premium, pen head, and head; Abroad is called AII-Red, meaning completely red. In Sargol saffron, pure saffron, the creamy part or the whiteness of the saffron is completely removed, and only the red part remains; that is why it is called all red. The grading and price of Sargol saffron vary depending on the thickness of the stigmas, small or large, and the presence or absence of broken stigmas.

It is difficult to determine the quality of the head. The quality of saffron is graded with two characteristics of “stigma length” and “presence or absence of white pieces of roots mixed with the load and have taken on a red color” and are graded from 1 to 3.

Negin saffron

This model of Iranian saffron has a beautiful color and appearance and is very fragrant. In this type of saffron, three strands of stigmas are connected and are smooth and without fractures (unlike Sargol saffron, where the stigmas are broken). This has made this type of saffron look better and more expensive than Sargol saffron, but people prefer to buy Sargol saffron, which has the same color and aroma as Negin saffron. On the other hand, it has a lower price. Foreign customers are more inclined to buy Negin saffron. Negin saffron is divided into two types, super jewel, and pseudo-jewel.


Corned or white saffron

Corned or white saffron

Saffron corner is not part of the classification of saffron types. After the head is removed from the bunch, the root or white part, which in Iran is called the corner or white saffron, remains; this part is known in Europe as white or style (cream). It is generally believed that the saffron root has more aroma, but scientific studies and analyzes show that the red part of saffron has more valuable substances. One of these substances is crocin, which moves from the red stigma to the white root inside the saffron plant, and because the saffron cream part has more moisture, it causes more aroma to be inhaled from the saffron root. Iranian saffron root does not contain crocin (responsible for saffron coloring) but has red saffron properties.


Differences between saffron types

According to the above descriptions about different types of saffron, the following table provides a general overview of different kinds of saffron:

Saffron bunch or Dokhtarpich

The white part of the end of the string is enormous.

It has three stigmas connected.

Low coloring and fragrance (known in the National Standard Organization of Iran as grade 4 saffron)

Production has decreased in this way, but it is the primary and most basic type of saffron.

Saffron Pushal

The white part of the end of the string is low.

It has three stigmas connected.

The quality is lower than Sargol saffron (due to the whiteness of the end of the string), and the color is higher than the batch model.

Most of the saffron bought from the farmer is like this. This model attracts more customers’ trust by combining some cream with stigma.

Saffron Sargol

The white part has no limit on the string.

There is no connection between the three stigmas to each other.

Its quality is marginally lower than Negin saffron because of broken marks of shame. Sargol saffron is the most widely recognized kind of saffron, and most clients are more acquainted with this sort of saffron. It is also one of the best that you can find.

Negin saffron

The white part has no limit on the string.

It has three stigmas connected.

It has the highest caliber since it has no white part and the marks of disgrace are smooth and without breaks.

It has a magnificent tone, eye-getting appearance, and high scent. This type of saffron is more popular with foreign customers.

White or root saffron

It has low quality.

Due to the wetness of saffron roots, the general public feels more aroma than stigmas.


Iranian Saffron Price

Let’s take a look at the Iranian Saffron Price in bulk on the Iranian market. Roda Guldet Iranian saffron consist only of the Super Negin Top saffron supplied directly from the farmers to deliver the unmatched aroma and flavor

Super Negin Top Saffron1 kg

Saffron flag1 kg

White root saffron1 kg

Grade 3 Pushal saffron1 kg

Poor Pusahl saffron

1 kg

Grade 2 Pushal saffron1 kg

Saffron bunch (Dokhtarpich)

1 kg

Ordinary Pushal saffron1 kg

Pushal Saffron new1 kg

New Negin jewel saffron

1 kg

Grade 1 Pushal saffron1 kg

New Negin saffron1 kg

Super Negin New Saffron

1 kg


Iranian Saffron Price for 1 gram in Euro

United States (US)7-9.3
Europe (Spain, Italy, Germany)7-9
United Kingdom (UK)7-10
United Arab Emirates2.9-4.4

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